Wounds hygiene Skin Care First Aid


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 How to recognize and treat skin wounds abrasions and lacerations.

 It is inevitable to prevent all skin injuries and wounds from happening.  Here are some ideas on how to treat different skin wounds that can occur during sporting events or even when the kids are playing in the back yard.

 The two most common types of wounds are abrasions and lacerations.  An abrasion is the scraping of your skin which results in the outermost layers of your skin being removed.  This can happen by sliding on something hard, falling off your bike, sliding across turf or the carpet.

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 These are also known as scrapes.  Immediate care for an abrasion is to flush and wound with hydrogen peroxide.  Be sure to gently remove debris if any is present.  Make sure to use an antibiotic to keep the wound moist.  Cover the wound with non-stick gauze and tape or a band-aid.  Lacerations are the tearing of the skin which results in an open wound with jagged edge.  This type of cut there will be more blood than with an abrasion.  When you can soak the wound in hydrogen peroxide to loosen any foreign material.  Remove the material and apply antibiotic and cover with a sterile dressing.  Usually you need to go to the doctor after a laceration because stitches may be needed and chance of infection is high.

 An incision is the cutting of the skin which results in a clean cut.  Most of the time it will bleed.  Clean the wound with soap and water and or hydrogen peroxide.  Minor incisions can be closed with a butterfly bandage or stei-strips.  You should apply a non-stick sterile dressing to the wound.  If the incision is large or on the face be sure to see a doctor for a determination if stitches are needed. A puncture wound is the direct penetration of tissues by a pointed object  such as a nail, pencil, knife or other sharp object .  If the object is deep in the skin protect the body part and call 911 or go to the doctor or hospital.  You should also be aware that shock could occur, so be prepared.  If you can remove the item clean around the wound and allow the blood to flow freely some to minimize the risk of infection.  After cleaning the wound, apply a sterile dressing.  Be sure to check with a doctor, because most puncture wounds can become infection.

     You need to stay clean have good hygiene when camping out or hiking.

To clean your hands take along a anti-bacterial hand sanitizer, You can also take rubbing alcohol it works the same and does not cost as much. You can wash socks in some broken or mashed up pine needles to make them smell better. You can use stream or lake water and set them out to dry. Make sure if your hiking that you keep your socks dry wet socks can cause blisters .Make sure to take along fresh water or some water purifying tablets or iodine tablets they can be used to disinfect cuts and scrapes in remote areas clean water is a necessity.

 When you wash your  clothes hang them in the sunshine and let them air dry. If you go swimming you can swim with your clothes on this will also get them clean. If you take soap along make sure it is biodegradable and try and keep it dry so that it does not get into your clothes and food. If you have it in a backpack there are many soap containers that are water proof or put it in a sealed plastic bag. If you wash up in a lake or stream be careful not to use shampoo or soap that can contaminate the water. The same goes for brushing your teeth use a biodegradable tooth paste or baking soda ,try and think green when camping or hiking. The same goes when you have to use the bathroom there is biodegradable toilet paper that can be bought and kept in a dry container.

You should take along a first aid kit or a book on surviving in the wilderness .There is nothing wrong with reading how to take care of yourself if you have problems when camping or hiking. Keep some matches in a dry container for starting a emergency fire if your lost. You should take along a compass and learn how to use it. Most of these tips are for camping or hiking in the deep woods. Being prepared is always better then not knowing what you are doing especially if you hike or camp where there is no contact with other people. Most cell phones don't work in the deep woods but take one along and keep it turned off to save the battery. Always let someone know where you will be located and the time you will be done.

 First Aid assembles for readers an outdoor first-aid kit of essential items; soothe bites and stings; deal with hot and cold injuries; wrap sprains, fractures, and dislocated joints; handle backcountry emergencies until professional help arrives. This handy pocket-sized guide is 96 pages and incorporates color photos, charts, and illustrations as needed throughout the interior. Backpacker magazine–branded and fueled by Falcon-Guides, this book provides essential mind gear from the two most respected and reliable publishers of outdoor-related information. Perfect for pack or pocket, it breaks down its subject into the essential topics, providing practical and portable information useful in the field. Full-color photos, charts, and illustrations are organized with text by an expert in a brief and accessible manner, introducing readers to basic and intermediate skills needed to safely and successfully get by in the outdoors.
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