Many factors influence the roles that
disease plays in our lives and societies. Infectious diseases strike
the underfed, and chronic diseases the overfed. In Africa, infectious
and parasitic diseases are responsible for about half of all earths.
Scurvy is a deficiently disease caused by the lack of vitamin C this
used to be trouble for sailors. You are not at risk if you eat fresh
fruits and vegetables. Symptoms include bleeding gums, loose teeth
easy bruising and breathlessness. The disease to which the person is
most likely to be exposed to in tropical countries are those carried
in water or by insects and animals. Prevention is better then
treatment in foreign countries. Make sure to purify your water. Clean
your hands before preparing and eating food. Wash and peal fruits
clean your utensils before eating. Cover your body with clothes to
help prevent insect bites. The simplest rule is to boil all water even
before you brush your teeth. If you have a cut make sure you keep it
bandages and out of water.
There are many world
wide diseases here are a few:
Leptospirosis: Spread by rodents and
infected water which causes a serious form of jaundice. You can have
lethargy, and high temperature it can be treated with procane
penicillin and tetracycline by a doctor.
Infectious Hepatitis: It is passed by
the feces and urine of infected people and through scratches or
wounds. You will have nausea loss of appetite and abdominal pain the
skin usually turns yellow. Rest and seeing your doctor are the only
Cholera: Sometimes thought as a
tropical disease however it is world wide where ever unsanitary
conditions exist. Systems include vomiting, loss of pulse at the
wrist, cold clammy skin and muscle cramps. To prevent this you can be
inoculation with cholera vaccine.
Rocky Mountain Spotted fever: Spread by
ticks in the Western United states. Ticks burrow beneath the skin like
small pin prick where it loges onto the skin.
Prickly Heat: Can occur in very hot
conditions without acclimatization. Heavy sweating coupled with
rubbing clothing can cause blockage in the sweat glands and skin
irritation. Excess sweat does not clear sufficiently the glands are
blocked and the effect of sweating is lost. You should remove your
clothing, wash the body with cool water and put on dry clothes.
Heatstroke: The most serious result of
overexposure to the sun. You can have hot dry skin, face flush and
feverish and sweating stops. Your pulse becomes fast and strong,
severe headache many time with vomiting. You can lose consciousness.
Treatment includes laying in the shade with your head and shoulders
slightly raised and remove your outer clothing. Cool the body with
tepid water which can be sprinkled over the body. Make sure
to drink some water slowly. It is most important to get your
temperature back to normal.