The next two grades are more dangerous and you should get to your
doctor or hospital emergency room. You should not drive yourself but
have someone take you. If you are having trouble with loud noises, bright lights or your vision is blurred this could be a sign of
a grade 2 or 3 concussion. One thing to always remember if you have
suffered a concussion it is far easier for you to have a second
concussion later on from a blow to the head SIS second impact
syndrome. You will need to refrain from any sports or activities for
at least 2 weeks until you are symptom free.
For most sever concussions or persistent symptoms you will need to
get a MRI or CT scan to determine if there is any swelling of the
brain or head trauma or contusions. Confusion and amnesia are serious
signs that you need to get a MRI.
If you participate in ice hockey, football, or boxing it is important
that you wear the proper protective equipment since these sports
produce the most head trauma and concussions along with SIS second
impact syndrome .A concussion is a traumatic brain injury that alters
the way your brain functions. Effects are usually temporary, but can
include problems with headache, concentration, memory, judgment,
balance and coordination.
How to recognize concussions and prevention tips
Concussions are becoming more and more prevalent in the sports world.
Here are some tips to know when someone has a concussion and how to
prevent head injuries.
A concussion occurs as a result of a violent blow to the head that
causes the brain to shake inside the skull. They can range to mild to
very serious. Look for certain symptoms in the event someone may
have a concussion. First talk to the individual. Ask them how they
are feeling headache, dazed, confused, nauseated, double vision,
blurred vision, ringing in ears . During their responses listen for
slurred speech and watch their eye movements. Make sure they are
looking at you, not past you. Ask them if they know present
information, such as where you are, the day, time, month, what they
are doing. Difficulty concentrating and decreased balance skills are
other symptoms that may occur.
Next, ask them to remember simple key words, such as candy, apple,
butter, fork, and tree. Talk to them about other things for a few
minutes and ask them to recall the words. They should be able to do
this fairly easily, if not, this is a red flag. Another big red flag
is sudden personality changes you should watch for emotional changes.
An increased sensitivity to light and or noise is usually present.
If loss of consciousness occurs, immediate medical help is needed.
Following the initial blow to the head, fatigue, amnesia, disrupted
sleep patterns, increased irritability, and emotional problems may
occur. Every individual is different, therefore it is important to
remember that all of the symptoms may be present or just a couple.
Regardless, it is imperative to get medical attention right away.
To prevent concussions and other traumatic head injuries be sure that
all helmets are fitted properly and are regularly inspected for
safety. Hit with your head up! Athletes need to be taught the proper
way to hit and all rules need to be followed. Do not allow the
athlete to return if any symptoms are present, this could be extremely