Carbohydrates are the main energy food for athletes and sport competition

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 A wide variety of different forms exist in nature and in the human body and novel manufactured carbohydrates including sports drinks.

 These drinks and have been developed for the food industry although the role of sports drinks containing carbohydrates such as Gatorade and PowerAde have been used by athletes for years for energy and power. 

 The human body needs to convert part of dietary protein and fat to carbohydrates.  Most foods fruits and vegetables contain a high percentage of carbohydrate which is primarily complex carbohydrates.

 Sports nutritionists also recommend a high carbohydrate diet for individuals engaged in their athletic training programs.

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 The greatest amount of carbohydrate stored in the body is in the form of muscles this is because the muscles compose such a large portion of the body mass.

 The major function of carbohydrates and human metabolism is to supply energy. Most congested carbohydrates are initially converted into blood glucose and are used for energy. Carbohydrate supplies approximately forty percent of the total energy you need  during rest and was about twenty percent going to the muscles. Carbohydrate intake is most important for prolonged endurance events. Athletes performing in these events should consume high carbohydrate diets, that are rich in carbohydrates both before and after competition.

 The consumption of carbohydrates will help you cruise into high gear over longer periods because you have increased your ability to produce energy and sustained that energy. Athletes low in carbohydrates will be slower overall, such as in latter stages in athletic contests like soccer and ice hockey which is due to muscles being low in carbohydrates.  Athletes should consume diets rich in carbohydrates for several days prior to competition. 

 This will increase their athletic performance and endurance.  High intensity exercise and workouts cannot totally prevent the onset of fatigue.  Solid and liquid forms of carbohydrates were equally effective in maintaining energy levels and enhancing exercise or sports performance.

 Athletes who who consumed a liquid form of carbohydrates perform better on a three hour power cycle. Eating a semi- solid carbohydrate foods like orange juice, white bread and bananas had a negative effect on performance if eating just before a contest. Consuming carbohydrates early after sports or exercise will facilitate repairing and strengthening of the muscles.  Carbohydrates are the most important energy source for high too intense exercise and sports activities.


 Carbohydrate intake an hour before and during prolonged high intensity sports or continuous exercise may help to prevent the onset of fatigue.  A carb breakfast which includes cereal and grain products have a high concentration of carbohydrates along with some protein may be eating three to four hours prior to competition or sports. 

 Several field studies in athletes and cross country skiers have shown carbohydrates loading was beneficial. Carbohydrates loading has also been identified as one of the factors contributing to collapse of runners marathons who did not load up on carbs.  You should check the food labels for fiber content fats and protein.

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